2013 Feed Program Review
The Missouri Department of Agriculture, Plant Industries Division, Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber assists the state’s feed industry and consumers through inspection, product testing and providing information to consumers to assist in making buying decisions. The Summary Report of 2013 Commercial Feed Inspections includes data from more than 1,800 inspections and over 56,000 laboratory tests. This report is provided as a reference and annual review of the Bureau’s responsibilities and accomplishments.
The emphasis on food safety has increased in recent years and with has come increased recognition that livestock feed is a key component in food safety. The Missouri Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber, in cooperation with FDA, plays an important role in food safety through its role in providing inspection and surveillance for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) Prevention and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) inspections. Bureau inspectors are trained extensively and hold FDA credentials to carry out surveillance inspections. These inspections ensure animal feed is safe and help protect the safety of the food supply for human consumption.
The Bureau performed 250 BSE inspections in 2013. These inspections of Missouri feed facilities reviewed the practices of manufacturers and/or distributors of feed products containing prohibited mammalian protein in compliance with Federal Rule 21 CFR Part 589. These inspections are designed to assure that no prohibited protein is fed to ruminant animals.
Fifteen GMP inspections of federally licensed medicated feed manufacturing establishments were performed by Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) staff in 2013. An additional 15 inspections were conducted at medicated feed production plants not licensed by FDA. Those inspections are a vital part of the food safety initiative for all animal feed. The program is intended to ensure legally approved levels and combinations of drugs and antibiotics are used in feed products and that each facility’s housekeeping, records, labeling, cleanliness and other practices are in order.
The Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber conducted an annual survey of corn produced in the state. As in past years, corn was tested for crude protein and aflatoxin levels. Laboratory tests were also performed to determine levels of fumonison, vomitoxin and zearalenone in the corn survey. Notifications were sent immediately to facilities where corn was sampled containing toxin levels exceeding FDA guidelines for safe use for livestock.
The Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber also cooperated with the Plant Pest Program and the USDA to obtain samples from Missouri’s 2013 wheat production. All samples collected tested negative for karnal bunt wheat disease. The assurance provided by this testing allows Missouri wheat to be exported to many countries that require the testing.
The Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber inspectors responded swiftly to 18 complaints in 2013 about the quality or safety of feed or feed ingredients. When problems required testing beyond the scope of the feed program or the capabilities of the Missouri Feed Control Laboratory, other agencies were utilized or samples were sent to other laboratories for testing.
The Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber took regulatory action against unlicensed companies or those who failed to file tonnage reports. Those actions are reported in “Violations Other Than Failure to Meet Label Claims.”
The Missouri Feed Control Laboratory reported results on 4,928 official samples in 2013. Inspectors routinely collect samples of finished feeds and feed ingredients. Those samples are tested for adherence to label guarantees. If testing reveals a deficiency or excess from the guaranteed analysis or something of a detrimental nature is found, a Withdrawal from Distribution Order is issued immediately. There were 582 withdrawals issued in 2013, for a statewide compliance rate of 88.19 percent.
A total of 458 service and complaint samples were analyzed in 2013. The total number of samples analyzed by the Missouri Feed Control Laboratory was 5,421, resulting in 56,948 individual assays in 2013.
The Missouri Feed Control Laboratory analyzed 19 customer-formula samples in 2013. Customer-formula feeds are those for which the customer has designed his own ration and asks for specific ingredients in specific quantities to be blended by the manufacturer. The customer requesting the feed and the manufacturer of the feed each received an analytical report showing nutrient levels found in the sample. In addition, customers received a questionnaire to confirm the quality of feed requested was received.
The Excellence in Compliance Award Program was continued in 2013. Companies are honored who have achieved at least 95 percent adherence to label guarantees on five or more samples. The companies must also have all fees and reporting up to date. Seventy companies qualified for that award in 2013. Thirty-nine of the companies receiving the award are here in Missouri.
The Missouri Department of Agriculture’s goal has been, and will continue to be, to serve, promote, and protect our agricultural producers, processors and consumers of Missouri’s food, fuel and fiber products.
2013 Summary Report:
- Feed, Seed and Treated Timber Personnel and Inspector Areas
- 2013 Corn Survey
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration Guidelines for Aflatoxin Levels
- 2013 Statistical Summary
- Excellence in Compliance Award
- Feed Laboratory Summary 2013
- Formula Feed Sales in Missouri
- Commercial Feed Ingredient Sales in Missouri
- 2013 Feed Samples by Labeler
- Feed Company Violations Other Than Failure to Meet Label Claims
- Click here to download a complete copy of the 2013 Summary Report
Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) - The Business of Pet Food provides information on pet food and pet treat labeling and state regulatory requirements.
For further information concerning feed regulation in Missouri contact the Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber.
For questions on tonnage or inspection fees:
For questions on nutrient labeling and company compliance records:
Stan Cook, Program Manager
For a release of a "Withdrawal of Distribution":
Food Safety & Quality Assurance
The Bureau of Feed, Seed, and Treated Timber administers laws and administrative rules designed to ensure that feed manufacturers properly label their products in a consistent and accurate manner. This program annually conducts inspections of over 1,800 facilities that sell feeds manufactured by both in-state and out-of-state labelers. In 2013, 5,421 samples of feed ingredients and finished feed products (over 56,000 assays) were analyzed in the Missouri State Feed Control Laboratory for compliance to animal nutrient requirements and drug and antibiotic labeling guarantees. Labels are also reviewed for compliance with the BSE Federal Regulations.
Fifteen GMP inspections of federally licensed medicated feed manufacturing establishments were performed by Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) staff in 2013. An additional 15 inspections were conducted at medicated feed production plants not licensed by FDA. GMP inspections are intended to ensure that proper drug levels and combinations are used in feed products and that record keeping, labeling and cleanliness are in order.
The Feed Law is not restricted to truth-in-labeling, but Food Safety concerns play an important role. Annually, we conduct a corn survey to determine the presence of alfatoxin in corn. During 2013, 139 samples were collected and tested. Only 9 were reported as having alfatoxin in the range from 17-109 ppb. Our laboratory also tested 23 ruminant feeds for the presence of mammalian protein during 2013. We are pleased to report that none was found. We will continue to monitor feeds and assure that feed is safe and nutritious for our animals to eat.
View the Missouri Feed Law (266.152-266.220 RSMo).