2016 Feed Program Review
The Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) Plant Industries Division, Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber assists the state’s feed industry and consumers through inspecting and testing product and providing information to consumers to assist in making buying decisions. The Summary Report of 2016 Commercial Feed Inspections includes data from over 1,300 inspections and over 36,000 laboratory tests. This report is provided as an annual review of the bureau’s responsibilities and accomplishments and as reference material.
Recognition that livestock feed is a key component in food safety is expanding; therefore, the focus on feed safety continued in 2016. The Missouri Department of Agriculture’s Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber, in cooperation with FDA, plays an important role in food safety through its role in providing inspection and surveillance for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) prevention and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) inspections. Bureau inspectors are trained extensively and hold FDA credentials to carry out surveillance inspections. These inspections ensure animal feed is safe and help protect the safety of the food supply for human consumption.
In 2016, the bureau performed 168 BSE inspections. Staff inspected Missouri feed facilities to review the practices of manufacturers and/or distributors of feed products containing prohibited mammalian protein in compliance with Federal Rule 21 CFR Part 589. These inspections are designed to make sure no prohibited protein is fed to ruminant animals.
Thirteen GMP inspections of federally licensed medicated feed manufacturing establishments were performed by MDA staff in 2016. An additional 60 inspections were conducted at medicated feed production plants not licensed by FDA. Those inspections are a vital part of the food safety initiative for all animal feed. The program is intended to ensure legally approved levels and combinations of drugs and antibiotics are used in feed products and that each facility’s housekeeping, records, labeling, cleanliness and other practices are in order.
Food safety is also addressed in the bureau’s annual survey of corn produced in the state. In addition to providing test information to manufacturers for crude protein levels, the bureau tests for aflatoxin, fumonisin, vomitoxin and zearalenone. If corn containing toxin levels exceeding FDA guidelines for safe use for livestock is found, notifications are sent immediately to the facility at which the corn was sampled.
The Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber inspectors responded swiftly to six complaints in 2016 about the quality or safety of feed or feed ingredients. When problems required testing beyond the scope of the feed program or the capabilities of the Missouri Feed Control Laboratory, other agencies were utilized or samples were sent to other laboratories for testing.
The Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber cooperated with the Plant Pest Program and the USDA to obtain samples from Missouri’s 2016 wheat production. All samples collected tested negative for karnal bunt wheat disease. The assurance provided by this testing allows Missouri wheat to be exported to many countries that require the testing.
The Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber took regulatory action against unlicensed companies or those who failed to file tonnage reports. Those actions are reported in “Violations Other Than Failure to Meet Label Claims.”
The Missouri Feed Control Laboratory reported results on 4,512 official samples in 2016. Inspectors routinely collect samples of finished feeds and feed ingredients. Those samples are then tested for adherence to label guarantees. If testing reveals a deficiency or excess from the guaranteed analysis or something of a detrimental nature is found, a Withdrawal from Distribution Order is issued immediately. There were 609 withdrawals issued in 2016, for a statewide compliance rate of 86.50 percent.
A total of 350 service and complaint samples were analyzed in 2016. The total number of samples analyzed by the Missouri Feed Control Laboratory was 4,512, resulting in 36,142 individual assays in 2016.
The Missouri Feed Control Laboratory analyzed 16 customer-formula samples in 2016. Customer-formula feeds are those for which the customer has designed his own ration and asks for specific ingredients in specific quantities to be blended by the manufacturer. Each customer requesting the feed and the manufacturer of the feed received an analytical report showing nutrient levels found in the sample. In addition, customers received a questionnaire to confirm they received the quality of feed requested.
The Excellence in Compliance Award Program recognizes feed companies who have achieved at least 90 percent adherence to label guarantees on five or more samples. The companies must also be up-to-date with all fees and reporting. Ninety-nine companies qualified for that award in 2016. Fifty-four of those are located in Missouri.
In 2013, the Animal Feed Regulatory Program Standards (AFRPS) were established by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in cooperation with the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) to provide a framework that every state can use to determine the strengths and needs of its program. Implementation of these standards will build uniformity and consistency among state feed regulatory programs and further efforts to develop an integrated food safety system.
In August 2014, Missouri Department of Agriculture became one of 12 states to enroll in the AFRPS, and in September 2015 the department was the recipient of a grant that will assist the Bureau’s Feed Inspection Program in fully implementing the 11 standards over the next four years. In conjunction with the same FDA grant, the Missouri Feed Control Laboratory has put plans in place to become ISO/IEC 17025 certified and will expand its testing capability to address analytes and microbiological agents that pose the most prevalent threats to the animal food supply. The laboratory plans to meet these objectives within five years. These improvements will increase inspectional and laboratory capability, resulting in improved safety of the food supply in Missouri and will contribute significantly to an integrated food safety system. In 2016, the Missouri Feed Regulatory program continued its progress in implementing AFRPS. The Missouri Feed Control Laboratory has made changes that move it nearer to ISO 17025 Accreditation.
By implementing AFRPS, the Missouri Department of Agriculture works to achieve its mission: “To serve, promote, and protect our agricultural producers, processors and consumers of Missouri’s food, fuel and fiber products”.
2016 Summary Report:
- Feed, Seed and Treated Timber Personnel and Inspector Areas
- 2016 Corn Survey
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration Guidelines for Aflatoxin Levels
- 2016 Statistical Summary
- Excellence in Compliance Award
- Feed Laboratory Summary 2016
- Formula Feed Sales in Missouri
- Commercial Feed Ingredient Sales in Missouri
- 2016 Feed Samples by Labeler
- Feed Company Violations Other Than Failure to Meet Label Claims
- Click here to download a complete copy of the 2016 Summary Report
Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) - The Business of Pet Food provides information on pet food and pet treat labeling and state regulatory requirements.
For further information concerning feed regulation in Missouri contact the Bureau of Feed, Seed and Treated Timber.
You can now apply for or renew your feed license, register pet food products and file current tonnage reports online at https://apps.mda.mo.gov/moplants/SecurityLogin.aspx or if you prefer to submit a check, you can use these forms:
For questions on tonnage or inspection fees:
For questions on nutrient labeling and company compliance records:
Stan Cook, Program Manager
For a release of a "Withdrawal of Distribution":
Food Safety & Quality Assurance
The Bureau of Feed, Seed, and Treated Timber administers laws and administrative rules designed to ensure that feed manufacturers properly label their products in a consistent and accurate manner. This program annually conducts inspections of approximately 1,300 facilities that sell feeds manufactured by both in-state and out-of-state labelers. In 2016, 4,856 samples of feed ingredients and finished feed products (over 36,000 assays) were analyzed in the Missouri State Feed Control Laboratory for compliance to animal nutrient requirements and drug and antibiotic labeling guarantees. Labels are also reviewed for compliance with the BSE Federal Regulations.
Thirteen GMP inspections of federally licensed medicated feed manufacturing establishments were performed by Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) staff in 2016. An additional 60 inspections were conducted at medicated feed production plants not licensed by FDA. GMP inspections are intended to ensure that proper drug levels and combinations are used in feed products and that record keeping, labeling and cleanliness are in order.
The Feed Law is not restricted to truth-in-labeling, but Food Safety concerns play an important role. Annually, we conduct a corn survey to determine the presence of alfatoxin in corn. During 2016, 211 samples were collected and tested. Three samples showed the presence of aflaxotin. We will continue to monitor feeds and assure that feed is safe and nutritious for our animals to eat.
View the Missouri Feed Law (266.152-266.220 RSMo).