2020 Feed Program Review
The Missouri Department of Agriculture (MDA) Plant Industries Division, Bureau of Feed and Seed (Bureau) assists the state’s feed industry and consumers through inspecting and testing product and providing information to consumers to assist in making buying decisions. The Summary Report of 2020 Commercial Feed Inspections includes data from over 1,200 inspections and over 33,270 laboratory tests. This report is provided as an annual review of the bureau’s responsibilities and accomplishments and as reference material.
COVID 19 made 2020 a challenging year for the Bureau and the regulated industry. The Bureau extends it thanks to the many firms in our state that worked with the Bureau to continue to assure a safe and secure feed supply through the difficult circumstances we experienced this past year.
Despite the challenges of COVID 19, in 2020 the feed program took major steps to increase its regulatory capacity and pivot the program to more of a focus on food safety. On June 8, 2020, with the assistance of an FDA grant, the Missouri Department of Agriculture’s Bureau Feed and Seed became the 8th state to be found by FDA audit staff fully compliant with all eleven Animal Food Regulatory Program Standards (AFRPS). This grant also made it possible for the Missouri Department of Agriculture Feed Control Laboratory to become ISO IEC 17025 accredited. This establishes a quality management system for the laboratory. Full implementation of the AFRPS standards was the culmination of 5 years of work and made possible by a $3,000,000 FDA grant. We believe these successes represent significant contributions to the Missouri Department of Agriculture’s achievement of its mission: “To serve, promote, and protect our agricultural producers, processors and consumers of Missouri’s food, fuel and fiber products”.
The Bureau was successful in receiving approval of its application for two FDA Cooperative Agreement grants. One of the grants is to maintain its Animal Food Regulatory Program Standards. This 5 year, $1,500,000 grant will be utilized by the Bureau to maintain the AFRPS over the next 5 years. In addition, the Bureau received a 5 year, $1,500,000 grant to build capacity to inspect animal food facilities for compliance with the Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMP) and the Preventive Control (PC) Rule for Animal Food under state authority. The Bureau has seven staff trained to conduct inspections under (21 CFR Part 507) as part of the Food Safety Modernization Act. MDA staff performed GMP/PC inspections in 2020.
Staff inspected Missouri feed facilities to review the practices of manufacturers and/or distributors of feed products containing prohibited mammalian protein in compliance with Federal Rule 21 CFR Part 589. These inspections are designed to make sure no prohibited protein is fed to ruminant animals. In 2020, the Bureau performed 24 BSE inspections.
Eleven GMP inspections of federally licensed medicated feed manufacturing establishments were performed by MDA staff in 2020. These inspections also included coverage under the 507 CGMP and PC rules. An additional 50 medicated feed inspections were conducted at medicated feed production plants not licensed by FDA. Of the 63 inspections made at these plants, 27 of the firms were also inspected for compliance with the 507 cGMP rules for animal food. These inspections are a vital part of the food safety initiative for all animal feed. The program is intended to ensure legally approved levels and combinations of drugs and antibiotics are used in feed products and that each facility’s housekeeping, records, labeling, cleanliness and other practices are in compliance with 21 CFR Part 225.
Food safety is also addressed in the bureau’s annual survey of corn produced in the state. In addition to providing test information to manufacturers for crude protein levels, the bureau tests for aflatoxin, fumonisin, vomitoxin and zearalenone. If corn is found containing toxin levels exceeding FDA guidelines for safe use for livestock, notifications are sent immediately to the facility at which the corn was sampled. Toxin levels in corn were generally low in Missouri corn in 2020.
The Bureau of Feed and Seed inspectors responded swiftly to ten complaints in 2020 about the quality or safety of feed or feed ingredients. When problems required testing beyond the scope of the feed program or the capabilities of the Missouri Feed Control Laboratory, other agencies were utilized or samples were sent to other laboratories for testing.
The Bureau of Feed and Seed cooperates with the Plant Pest Program and the USDA to obtain samples from Missouri’s wheat production on a biannual basis. The assurance provided by this testing allows Missouri wheat to be exported to many countries that require the testing. No samples were collected for karnal bunt wheat disease in 2020.
The Bureau of Feed and Seed took regulatory action against unlicensed companies or those who failed to file tonnage reports. Those actions are reported in “Violations Other Than Failure to Meet Label Claims.”
In 2020, inspectors collected 4,082 samples of finished feeds and feed ingredients. The collected samples were tested for adherence to label guarantees, resulting in 33,271 individual assays in 2020. If testing revealed a deficiency or excess from the guaranteed analysis or something of a detrimental nature, a Withdrawal from Distribution Order was issued immediately. There were 536 withdrawals issued in 2020, for a statewide compliance rate of 87.09%. A total of 311 service and complaint samples were analyzed in 2020.
The Missouri Feed Control Laboratory analyzed six customer-formula samples in 2020. Customer-formula feeds are those for which the customer has designed his own ration and asks for specific ingredients in specific quantities to be blended by the manufacturer. Each customer requesting the feed, as well as the manufacturer of the feed, received an analytical report showing nutrient levels found in the sample. In addition, customers received a questionnaire to confirm they received the quality of feed requested.
The Excellence in Compliance Award Program recognizes feed companies who have achieved at least 90% adherence to label guarantees on five or more samples tested by the laboratory. The companies must also be up-to-date with all fees and reporting. Eighty-three companies qualified for the award in 2020. Fifty of those are located in Missouri.
2020 Summary Report:
- Bureau of Feed and Seed Personnel and Inspector Areas
- 2020 Corn Survey
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration Guidelines for Aflatoxin Levels
- U.S. Food and Drug Administration Guidelines for Fumonisin Levels
- 2020 Statistical Summary
- Excellence in Compliance Award
- Feed Laboratory Summary 2020
- Formula Feed Sales in Missouri
- Commercial Feed Ingredient Sales in Missouri
- 2020 Feed Samples by Labeler
- Feed Company Violations Other Than Failure to Meet Label Claims
- Click here to download a complete copy of the 2020 Summary Report
Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) - The Business of Pet Food provides information on pet food and pet treat labeling and state regulatory requirements.
For further information concerning feed regulation in Missouri contact the Bureau of Feed and Seed.
You can now apply for or renew your feed license, register pet food products and file current tonnage reports online at https://apps.mda.mo.gov/moplants/SecurityLogin.aspx or if you prefer to submit a check, you can use these forms:
For questions on tonnage or inspection fees:
For questions on nutrient labeling and company compliance records:
Stan Cook, Program Manager
For a release of a "Withdrawal of Distribution":